What Is Organic Farming?
Organic farming is a type of farming that does not use any inorganic material.
Organic farmers rely on techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, compost and organic weed control to produce their crops. They also use natural methods to control insects and weeds infesting their fields. This is done by introducing natural predators such as ladybugs or beneficial insects into the field, or by planting cover crops to ward off weeds.
Farmers have been using organic practices since prehistoric times but it was only in the 20th century that this technique became famous all over the world. Organic farming is now often regarded as an alternative to modern commercial farming that relies on heavy machinery and chemical fertilizers to produce food, fruits and vegetables.
benefits of organic farming :-
Organic farming is a type of agriculture that relies on techniques such as crop rotation, green manure, composting and biological pest control. Organic foods are free from pesticide, antibiotics, hormones or genetically modified organisms.
The benefits of organic farming are many. Some of them being: biodiversity preservation, reduced environmental pollution, soil enrichment and improved quality of life for the farmers themselves.
Organic farming is a sustainable farming method, which has numerous benefits over conventional farming. Some of these benefits include:
Organic farming is often promoted for the health and environmental benefits it provides. Organic crops are grown without pesticides or synthetic fertilizers, which means they are healthier for you and better for the environment. Organic plants are usually more nutritious than their non-organic counterparts because they contain higher levels of essential vitamins and minerals.
The organic movement has been happening in full force for decades now; as early as the 1940s, people were beginning to question what it meant to eat healthy food. The organic movement was founded by an Austrian scientist named Rudolf Steiner who believed that humans were designed to eat whole foods that had been grown on healthy, living soil and not processed food that had been treated with.
Farmers benefit from organic farming :-
Organic farming is a profitable deal for the farmer and the environment. With organic farming, farmers can get high quality crops at low cost. Its other benefits are as follows-
1 .This improves the quality of the land. Due to the use of chemical fertilizers, the land is moving towards barrenness. With organic fertilizers, the elements lacking in it are fulfilled and its quality can be increased to an unprecedented extent.
2.The use of organic pesticides and organic manures increases the fertility of the soil.
3.In this, the cost of irrigation is low because organic fertilizers retain moisture in the soil for a long time, due to which the need for irrigation is less than that of chemical farming.
4.The use of chemical fertilizers destroys the bacteria that increase the productivity of the crop inside the soil, due to which the productivity of the crop decreases, that productivity can be Farmers benefit from organic farming :-achieved again by using organic manure.
5.Organic farming increases the water holding power of the land. Chemical fertilizers quickly absorb the water inside the soil, whereas organic fertilizers retain moisture in the top surface of the soil, which increases the water holding power of the soil.
6.Farmer’s cost of cultivation is reduced by about 80% as compared to chemical farming. These days the prices of chemical fertilizers are skyrocketing, organic fertilizers are prepared at very cheap prices.
7.Organic farming reduces pollution, chemical fertilizers and pesticides pollute the environment. The environment around the fields becomes poisonous due to which the plants, animals and birds of animals start dying there. The environment is purified by the use of organic fertilizers and insecticides.
8.The quality of products from organic farming is many times better than that of chemical farming and are sold in the market at higher prices.
9.Organic products are the best from the point of view of health and many types of diseases can be avoided by using them.
10. The prices of organic products are many times higher than chemical products, which increases the average income of the farmers.